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BSOSCBlog.com • View topic - General Survival Preparedness Info

General Survival Preparedness Info

General Survival Preparedness Info

Postby jpf1030 » Tue Mar 09, 2010 4:53 pm

Howdy All,

Below is a posting from offthegridnews.com newsletter. By no means is it comprehensive for prepping, but it is packed with good advice for folks to consider in their prepping, well worth your reading time.

Happy Preparedness Trails,

Jim
*******************************************************************************************************************************
In the event of a major, world-wide disaster, whether natural or man-made, economic or physical, manufacturing as we know it will virtually cease to exist. As supplies of materials begin to dwindle, survivors will turn more and more to salvaging materials and reusing and modifying available items. The people with the know how to utilize and repair these salvaged items will quickly rise to the top of the new economic model.

As production ceases and consumer materials become scarce, the scavengers will begin to dismantle the current infrastructure. What was once useful in one role may have become obsolete in the new world and will be utilized in another fashion.Electrical cables will be stripped from buildings and melted down for use in new ways. Iron and steel, no longer being produced, will be melted down and turned into something more practical for a changed world.

As this new economy emerges, so will opportunities for gain. Like the current economy, those at the top of the economic ladder will not be those doing the scavenging, but those who know how to utilize and transform what is salvaged.There are many ways to go about this.One may control the trade and distribution of the "raw"; salvaged materials and items. Another may control the means of transforming the materials into something once again useful. Another option, one that can serve you well even before such an economic catastrophe, is to learn how to repair and revitalize old items.

The skills required to accomplish this will serve you well in many situations. If you want to be a 'handyman' in these circumstances, you'll need to learn the fundamentals of such things as electronics and mechanics. You'll need to know how common items function so as to be able to improvise repairs and fashion replacement parts.Learn not only how the items work, but the fundamentals of the underlying systems. A thorough knowledge of the theory of hydraulic, electrical, automotive, and plumbing systems will serve you well. It might sound like a lot, but I promise, it's not as complex as it sounds and the skill you learn could be a lifesaver.

Some key areas that should be given especially close attention and high priority to are portable generators, radios, automotive engines, and tool making.These are skills that will be in great demand and the more you are able to improvise and effect repairs with no replacement parts available, the more valuable and indispensable you will be.Basic metalworking, machinery, electronics and mechanical skills will aid you greatly in these areas.

When preparing for the post disaster economy, one must keep in mind that the goal of the education and practice is to be able to make repairs and design new items without the use of replacement parts and sophisticated processes. Improvisation becomes the name of the game. These days more and more technicians are becoming accustomed to simply replacing broken parts, without ever having to fully understand how they function.Modern automobiles are a perfect example. As computers control more and more of the vehicle's systems, repairs become more a process of replacing the correct chip or control unit and less a matter of real mechanical ability.But at the same time, the basics of the internal combustion engine have changed very little since it was first invented over a hundred years ago. Imagine the mechanic who can take that modern vehicle, strip it of all the computerized parts, and put it back into working condition.This is the person whose value will know no boundaries in the new economy.

As with any skill , the time to start learning is today, well before your life or living depends on it. Get your kids involved in restoring "worn out"; or broken items. This is a cheap way to teach, entertain and prepare them for the future. Watch the look on your child's face the first time that rusted, old lawnmower they have spent a month working on roars to life. From that day on, nothing will be beyond their ability.

A post mega-disaster world will hold many challenges, but like any renaissance period, it will abound with opportunities for the prepared and motivated.Wealth will still exist, but will be redistributed to those with the skills and vision necessary to adapt to a changed world.Learn the skills that will make you an essential part of that world and you will assure not only you and your family's survival, but also your prosperity.

Staying In Touch When You're Off the Grid

When it comes to preparing for disasters, whether a short-term situation such as a weather related event, or long-term such as an economic collapse, communications is a vital part of survival preparedness. One should carefully consider how they will communicate with family, neighbors, allies, etc. as well as how they will receive information about the situation.

When selecting radio equipment, there are some key factors one must consider.Today we will briefly discuss band selection, power options, security, and size.Keep in mind that the best option is always the one that is tailor made to best fit a particular situation and set of circumstances. A careful evaluation of those factors will greatly aid in proper radio selection

There are three main options for survival radio bands or frequency ranges. They are Ultra High Frequency (UHF), Very High Frequency (VHF), and High Frequency (HF). Each band has its upside and its downside. UHF has a very short radio wavelength that allows for a short antenna, but it also limits the range since it is adversely affected by obstacles. VHF offers greater range and is less affected by buildings and terrain features, but requires a longer antenna for optimum performance. This band is very popular in marine and aviation uses. HFhas the potential for around the world communications, but is the most technically challenging to use. A more thorough understanding of radio wave propagation and antenna theory is required to utilize HF radios to their highest potential.

Armed with a basic understanding of the different bands, one can begin to select radios for a particular situation. The ultimate setup would be a selection of different radios, though this may not always be practical. A good HF base station with a few handheld UHF radios would be great and will be more than sufficient in most situations.

Power source is critical when it comes to survival radios. When referring to power, we are referring both to how the radio is powered and to how that power source is recharged. Basic power options are battery power (DC) and residential (AC). Though many base station units operate using AC, in a survival situation we should stick to equipment that runs on batteries as AC will likely be unavailable other than in the form of generators.

There are two main options for batteries. Off the shelf batteries, such as AA are a good start. This will allow you to stockpile batteries and not be dependent on any other source of power. The downsides are the limited number you are able to stockpile and shelf life. Eventually some sort of rechargeable system will be required. Once there, your options are to recharge from a generator, solar or from a vehicle.Once again this becomes a matter of your particular needs and circumstances. The best all around solution is a radio that can use both off-the-shelf batteries and a high capacity rechargeable battery pack that can be recharged from both AC and 12 volt vehicle systems. With today's options, this is not a lot to ask for.

In the digital age, encryption has become a much simpler process and nearly all radios offer some degree of security. From the cheap FRS radios to the high end commercial units that offer computerized security options, radio security is more widely available than ever.However, one must keep in mind from whom one is securing communications. If it is from your neighbor down the street, basic encryption is generally sufficient and highly effective. If you're trying to hide from a three letter government agency, no level of off the shelf radio encryption will suffice.If you are in dire need of secure communications, I suggest you study the use of code-words, one time pads etc. and never depend on any form of electronic encryption.

As for size, survival radios will either be classified as handheld/man portable, vehicle mounted or base stations. Once again, selection should be based on your particular situation. Keep in mind that the larger the unit, the greater its range, but also the greater its power consumption. If you plan to bug out to the hills, a base station will be useless and handheld units are the practical option. But if you plan to remain on a homestead a base station can be powered with a generator, solar, hydroelectric, etc. and will give you world-wide capabilities.

You should now be ready to begin evaluating your radio requirements and preparing your communications plan. Remember, radios, as a means of communication, are useless if the people you wish to talk to are not using compatible equipment. Make sure those with whom you plan talk to are as prepared as you are and discuss communications protocols well before you need to use them.Test your radios frequently and practice using them with your family and neighbors. The more you learn about radio fundamentals the better your communications abilities will be when the time comes to use them for real.

Heirloom Poultry?

Here at Solutions from Science we're all about heirlooms. Mostly we talk about heirloom seeds, but let's take that up a notch today. What about heirloom poultry? For those of you trying to get off the grid and grow more independent, adding poultry to your list only makes sense. With chickens you have a source of eggs, meat, and birds that will snack on all those nasty insects you fight to keep out of your garden.

But not just any ol' chicken will do. For example, commercial breeding programs focus on one of two things - meat or egg production. These animals are no longer breeds but registered trademarks, coming with warning labels, fine print and disclaimers. Their immune systems are compromised, their reproduction ability is sacrificed, or their physical bodies are unable to bear their own weight at nine weeks of age! For the basic homesteader wanting to raise a few chickens for eggs and meat, you need to focus on a bird that can do both - and reproduce!

As you read up on chickens, trying to decide which one will be the best for your particular needs, pay close attention to several things:

- Egg size - if you're going to raise chickens for eggs, you don't necessarily want the smallest ones!

- Production - some chickens are more prolific layers than others. If you're going to raise a few chickens to put in the freezer, you want a chicken that has a good production rate.

- Broodiness - this feature means how well a hen sits on her eggs. Some hens will not sit at all, while others, like the Buff Orpington, are wonderful mothers.

- Hardiness - choose a chicken that is good for your climate

- For those of us in the South, we need birds that are heat tolerant. For our northern cousins, your birds will need to be cold hardy.

There's an organization called the Society for the Preservation of Poultry Antiquities. They have a member list of folks who breed the heirloom, first generation poultry that is the foundation base for all poultry around today. It's only $15 a year to join (cheaper if you do it more than one year at a time) and for that you get a list of people that not only raise birds you can purchase for your homestead, but folks who are only more than happy to share their experience and knowledge with you. It's worth every penny of the membership fee. For more information, go to their website at: http://www.feathers ite.com/Poultry/ SPPA/SPPA. html

Liberal Quote of the Week,

"Giving society cheap, abundant energy would be the equivalent of giving an idiot child a machine gun."
- Prof Paul Ehrlich, Stanford University

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jpf1030
 
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